On January 20, 2001, about 400 immigrants occupied the church of Santa Maria del Pi in Barcelona. They were considered illegal immigrants by the Law, or as they considered themselves, "sinpapeles" (the paperless). Hence, they carried a basic claim: Papers for all. The means, objectives, testimonies, speeches made during more than 50 days that lasted the struggles were aimed to achieve of a new legal and political relationship between the state, the Law and the immigrant population. In this sense, if we investigate the acts of resistance and struggles of those whose rights were denied by the State and the market, we must inevitably analyze social phenomenon from the axes of contemporary neoliberal globalization, the State and is tranformations, and the citizenship regime as an alterity machine. Immigration is arising as a socio-legally constructed category useful in development of the neoliberal project, and used by states to reassert their sovereignty through borders. The Sinpapeles challenged this logic.
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