There is no image that symbolizes nationalism more poignantly than the flag. In this photograph I took in Toronto during the 2002 World Cup a number of fans were celebrating the victory of their ‘nation’. There has been so much discussion about whether nationality is an immutable identity or an identity that is internalized and enacted. Those who believe that nationality (or nationalism) fulfills a human desire for belonging are as misguided are those who believe that nationalism is a flickering phenomenon. Untangling citizenship from nationality requires approaching political subjectivity in a different way that is both historical and social. How nationality came to be tangled up with each other is fairly well known. Why it persists is also quite well known. What is less straightforward is how to disentangle them.